THE LAMORNA SOCIETY

The following list is intended to cover artists from the 'Newlyn school' and those working in the Lamorna Valley. There are links to further information where this is available. (The list now also includes some present day artists, shown in pink - who are also members of the Society. Artists who took part in the recent 'Open Studios' event can be seen at: http://www.lamornaartsfestival.co.uk). (Some feedback also on this page...)

Note: some books covering artists in West Cornwall in a general way are: "Under the Open Sky - the Paintings of the Newlyn and Lamorna Artists 1880 - 1940 in the Public Collections of Cornwall and Plymouth" by Catherine Wallace, "The Shining Sands - Artists in Newlyn and St Ives 1880 - 1930" by Tom Cross, and "Creating A Splash: The St Ives Society of Artists (1927 - 1952)" by David Tovey, who has recently completed another book called "St Ives (1860-1930) The Artists and the Community - A Social History". (Available from David Tovey at www.stivesart.info)

The information in the listing below has been compiled by Robert Turner, (the designer of this website), and he gratefully acknowledges the contribution made by David Tovey, Austin Wormleighton, and also to numerous writers and researchers who have widened our knowledge of the lives of artists who worked in the Lamorna valley, or in Newlyn.

(If you are interested in Newlyn before the artist's colony became established, you could purchase the book "Newlyn Before the Artists Came, A History from Earliest Times Until 1881" by Pamela Lomax and Ron Hogg. Further details through this website, or here.....)

John ArmstrongJohn Armstrong lived in Oriental Cottage, in the Lamorna Valley, from 1947 until 1955. He was married to the critic Veronica Sibthorp.
John Noble Barlow See further notes.
Houghton BirchHoughton Emily Birch, the wife of S.J. Lamorna Birch, was an occasional exhibitor as a landscape painter.
Joan BirchJoan Houghton Birch was the younger daughter of S.J. Lamorna Birch, taking the surname Paxton-Petty upon marriage. She painted landscapes, and moved to Australia after the Second World War.
S.J. Lamorna BirchSamuel John Birch was born in Egremont, Cheshire. Apart from a brief period of study at the Atelier Colarossi, Paris in 1895, he was largely self-taught as an artist.
Birch first visited West Cornwall in the late 1880s and settled in the Lamorna Valley in 1892. He adopted the epithet 'Lamorna' in 1895 to distinguish himself from fellow artist Lionel Birch (an idea suggested by Stanhope Forbes).
A book has been written entitled 'A Painter Laureate: Lamorna Birch and his circle' by Austin Wormleighton, (founder member of the Lamorna Society).
Frank BramleyFrank Bramley trained at Lincoln School of Art and Verlat's Academy in Antwerp. The dark tones of Northern European painting were a great influence on Bramley's style of painting. He left the area in 1895 and settled in Grasmere in Westmorland.
Colin Caffell Colin Caffell works mainly in sculpture, and he was recently chosen to creat a sculpture commorating miners who had lost their lives in the St Just and Pendeen area. See the website of the St Just District Trust. See his website for more details.
Percy Robert CraftCraft was born in Kent in 1856 and educated privately. He studied at Heatherley's and the Slade in London, but there is no evidence to suggest that he travelled abroad to study, like so many of the other Newlyn artists.
In 1885, Craft and his wife came to Newlyn and lodged in the same house as Stanhope Forbes. Although Craft exhibited at the Royal Academy, he often struggled to sell his work. However, he was the organiser, inspiration and director of the Newlyn artists' informal Dramatic Society and was an excellent actor. He also sang, gave recitals and wrote poetry and music.
Craft was also closely involved in the formation of the Newlyn Industrial Class (who were responsible for the making of Newlyn Copper) and helped J.D. Mackenzie and F. W. Boudillion to run the Fisherman's Rest.
Percy Craft and his wife left Newlyn in the late 1890s and eventually moved to London, where Craft was particularly active in the organisation of exhibitions for the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists, of which many of the Newlyn artists were members.
Effie CraigEffie Craig, sketcher and illustrator, lived many years with the painter Gluck. She visited Lamorna from 1915 - 36.
Ithell ColquhounIthell Colquhoun, surrealist painter, poet, writer was active from the 1940s. She lived in Vow Cave, Lamorna and Stone Cross Cottage, Paul.
Garstin CoxAn image of his painting of - The Lamorna Stream - is featured on this site.
Madge FawkesMadeline [Madge] Fawkes, landscape, portrait and flower painter worked in Lamorna in the 1920s and exhibited up to 1931. She had studied under S.J. Lamorna Birch, and Stanhope Forbes.
Stanhope ForbesStanhope Forbes was born in Dublin, the son of a railway manager and his French wife. He attended the Royal Academy Schools in London from 1876, and in 1880 went to study at Bonnat's studio in Paris. In 1881, Forbes went to Brittany with fellow artist La Thangue. His time in France brought him into contact with the new 'plein air' painters, which was to influence his style dramatically. He arrived in Newlyn in 1884 and soon became a leading figure in the growing colony of artists. There is a book entitled 'Stanhope Forbes and the Newlyn School' by Caroline Fox, and also - "Stanhope Forbes and Mrs Elizabeth Forbes" by Mrs Lionel Birch.
Elizabeth ForbesBorn in Ontario, Canada, Elizabeth Armstrong came to England to study art at the South Kensington schools, later studying in New York and Munich. In 1882 she went to paint in Brittany and in 1884 she was to be found in Zandvoort, Holland. Having heard of the growing art colony in Newlyn, she first visited Cornwall in 1885. She met the painter Stanhope Forbes when she visited again the following year, and they married in 1889. A book has been written entitled "Singing from the walls: the life and art of Elizabeth Forbes" by Judith Cook, Melissa Hardie and Christiana Payne.
Francis (Frankie) FreethFrancis [Frankie] Freeth, painter, wood carver, potter was active from 1940. She lived in Oriental Cottage in the Lamorna Valley.
Stanley Gardiner See further notes. There is also the book "A Painter's Paradise - Memories of an artist's son growing up in Lamorna" by Keith Gardiner.
Geoffrey GarnierGeoffrey Sneyd Garnier, etcher, lived at Orchard Cottage, Newlyn. He gave etching lessons to S.J. Lamorna Birch in the 1920s.
Norman GarstinNorman Garstin had travelled a great deal before settling in Newlyn in 1887. He had a natural techynique, which leaned more to an impressionist style, probably gained from his time in Paris from 1880-1882. A book has been recently written entitled "Norman Garstin Irishman & Newlyn Artist" by Richard Pryke. To order from Spire Books Ltd, telephone: 0118 947 1525.
Herbert GeorgeHerbert George, landscape painter, was working in the Lamorna valley in 1905. He had studied under John Noble Barlow.
Ernest GillickErnest George Gillick, sculptor, worked from Riverside Studios after the First World War with his wife, Mary.
Mary GillickMary Gillick, the wife of Ernest Gillick, was a sculptor and medallist. She worked from Riverside Studios in the Lamorna Valley.
Thomas Cooper GotchBorn in Kettering, Northamptonshire, Gotch came from a distinguished non-conformist family. In 1876 he left his father's business and started his training as an artist. He entered the Slade in 1879 and became close friends with Henry Scott Tuke. In 1881 he married Caroline Burland Yates and returned to Paris with her to study at Laurens' academy. A book has been recently written entitled "The Golden Dream A Biography of Thomas Cooper Gotch" by member of the Society Pamela Lomax.
Caroline GotchThe wife of T.C. Gotch, Caroline Gotch was a landscape and figure artist. She first painted in Newlyn under her maiden name of Yates.
Frederick Hall'Fred' Hall as he liked to be known, was born in Yorkshire, attended Lincoln School of Art, Verlat's academy in Antwerp and first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1883. He made a number of paintings in Newlyn, but by 1897 had moved away for good, finally settling in Newbury.
Edwin HarrisEdwin Harris was born in Birmingham. At the age of fourteen he entered the Birmingham School of Art and in 1880 he joined Verlat's academy in Antwerp; W. J Wainwright and Frank Bramley were studying there at the same time. Harris visited Brittany and Newlyn in 1881, but it was not until 1883 that he settled in Newlyn where he stayed for twelve years.
Gertrude Harvey(the wife of Harold Harvey - see below - she was mainly known for her flower paintings)
Harold HarveyHarold Harvey was one of the few Cornish-born artists associated with the Newlyn Colony and the Lamorna Artists. He was the son of a bank manager and grew up in Penzance in the 1870s and 1880s, just when the area was becoming an artistic haven.
Harold Harvey studied with Norman Garstin, and in the 1890s he travelled to Paris to study at the Atelier Julian.
A book has been written entitled "Harold Harvey: painter of Cornwall" by Kenneth McConkey, Peter Risdon, and Pauline Shepherd.
Frank Gascoigne Heath There is also a book - 'Frank Gascoigne Heath and his "Newlyn School" friends at Lamorna' by Hugh Bedford, (a member of the Lamorna Society). See link in the Links section of this website. See further notes
(Mrs) Jessica Heath (The wife of Frank Gascoigne Heath). See further notes
Charles Napier HemyCharles Napier Hemy moved to Falmouth in 1881 in search of a new subject and made the town his home for the rest of his life. He painted on boats which he converted into studios, and concentrated on the sea and fishing scenes. Hemy was an established artist having exhibited at the Royal Academy since 1865, and he became a full member in 1910.
Eleanor Hughes (The wife of Robert Morson Hughes). See also an image of her picture of Trewoofe on this site. See further notes.
Robert Morson Hughes See further notes.
'Fryn' Tennyson JesseFryniwyd Tennyson Jesse, novelist, poet, short story writer, had studied under Stanhope Forbes and worked closely with Elizabeth Stanhope Forbes. Active pre-1914.
Augustus JohnIn the autumn of 1913, Augustus John came to Newlyn. His prodigious talent and outrageous bohemian at the centre of avant-garde in London and Paris had made him a subject of endless fascination, and his beautiful wife and principal model, Dorelia. However the years 1910 to 1913 had seen a decline in John's artistic fortune, and in Cornwall painted a portrait of Lamorna Birch, but his work in there was deemed to be of minor consequence.
Charles KelseyCharles Joshua Kelsey was a Bristol-based painter, enameler and pastellist. He had studied under S.J. Lamorna Birch, and was active up to the First World War.
Elizabeth Lamorna [Mornie] KerrElizabeth Lamorna [Mornie] Kerr was a landscape, flower and coastal painter. She was the elder daughter of S.J. Lamorna Birch, by whom she was taught.
Harold KnightHarold Knight was born in Nottingham, the son of an architect, and studied at Nottingham School of Art under Wilson Foster. It was at the School of Art that he met his future wife, Laura Johnson, who he married in 1903. Harold was a quiet character who is largely remembered, unfairly, as an adept but unexciting painter, while Laura (later Dame Laura) was flamboyant in both her life and art and achieved greater public renown. After spending time in Paris and at Staithes on the North Yorkshire coast, Harold Knight moved to Newlyn, with Laura, in 1907. The couple mainly lived and worked in Lamorna, becoming key figures in the Lamorna group, and they remained in Cornwall until 1918.
Laura Knight Laura Knight herself wrote an autobiography entitled "The Magic of a Line - the autobiography of Laura Knight", and some other books about her work are: "Dame Laura Knight" by Caroline Fox, "Laura Knight" by Janet Dunbar, and "The Graphic Work of Laura Knight, including a catalogue raisonne of her prints" by G Fredric Bolling and Valerie A. Withington. R. John Croft is also preparing a Catalogue Raisonne on both Laura's work, and that of her husband Harold Knight. See further notes.
Walter Langley

Born in Birmingham, Langley was the first of the 'Newlyn School' artists to settle here, arriving in 1882, closely followed by his friend Edwin Harris.
Langley started his artistic career at the age of fifteen, when he was apprenticed to a Birmingham lithographer. At twenty-one, having completed his apprenticeship, he won a scholarship to South Kensington, where he studied design. Langley returned to Birmingham to continue as a lithographer, but spent his spare time painting and soon gave up lithography to concentrate on this aspect of his work.
A book has been written by Roger Langley entitled "Walter Langley: pioneer of the Newlyn Art Colony". See an image of his painting - 'The Fisherwoman'.

Denys Law See further notes - and also there are two images of his paintings of the area shown on this site.
Benjamin LeaderBenjamin Eastlake Leader, landscape painter, and son of B.W. Leader lived in the area from1911 to 1915. He was killed on active service in France. His wife, Isabella [Belle] Leader also painter but seldom exhibited.
Frederick Millard'Fred' Millard was born in Islington, London, and he shared a studio in Newlyn with Ralph Todd. He exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1885, 1887, and 1888.
Marlow MossMiss Marlow Sewell Moss, abstract painter, sculptor was active from 1940 - 1958. She worked reclusively from Daffys studio. She was based in Paris from the 1920s to 1930s, and was a friend of Mondrian. A founder member of Abstraction-Creation in Paris.
Sir Alfred MunningsAlfred Munnings came to Cornwall in 1908, and he had a big impact on the Newlyn and Lamorna artists both in terms of his painting and his personality. He lived in Chywoone Farm when he first came to Newlyn, and later moved to Lamorna where he had rooms in the Wink; his studio was an old mill. He wrote autobiographies entitled - 'An Artist's Life; Second Burst; The Finish'. One of a number of books written about him is: 'What a Go! The life of Alfred Munnings' by Jean Goodman.
Edith Florence (Blote) MunningsEdith Florence [Blote] Munnings, landscape painter studied at Newlyn. She was the first wife of A.J. Munnings, and was to die tragically at her own hand.
Charles and Ella NaperA book has been written by John Branfield, (a member of the Lamorna Society) on Charles and Ella Naper, entitled "Charles and Ella Naper - Art and Life in Lamorna"
John and Mim Nash John and Mim create artworks and pottery in the Old Well Studio in the valley. They have recently set up a website, and it is at: www.oldwellstudio.co.uk. John has recently published a book about the potters George and Margaret Smith and their lives running Tregurnow Pottery in Lamorna. ("The Potter's Tale")
Algernon NewtonAlgernon Newton, landscape painter, was active from 1908 - 1920. He was the father of actor Robert Newton and a member of the family that founded the firm 'Winsor & Newton'. He had 'Bodriggy' built in 1912, but was London-based from 1923.
Job Nixon See further notes.
Dod ProcterDoris ('Dod') Shaw was only fifteen when her mother brought her and her brother to study at Stanhope and Elizabeth Forbes' art school. It was there that she met fellow student Ernest Procter, whom she married in 1912.
Dod's mother also took her to Paris, in 1910, to study at the Atelier Colorossi, where she was inspired by the impressionist and post-impressionist painters, especially Cezanne and Renoir.
Through the 1920s she specialised in painting the figure, usually single female figures, sometimes nude, others in softly draped clothes. One of these paintings, 'Morning', was bought by the Daily Mail for the Tate Gallery collections, which made Dod Procter a household name of the day.
Ernest ProcterBorn in Northumberland, Ernest Procter was the son of a distinguished scientist and staunch Quaker. In 1907, he came to Newlyn to study at the Forbes' School of Painting where he fast became a star student. After three years there, he went to Paris to attend the Atelier Colarossi, where he was joined by Doris ('Dod') Shaw, whom he had met at the Forbes' school.
Henry Meynell RheamBorn in Birkenhead, Rheam first exhibited in London in 1887. He studied in London, Paris and Germany and was primarily a watercolourist. Rheam first settled in Polperro but moved to Newlyn in 1890.
Penny Rumble An artist living in the area; see her website for examples of her work...
Charles Walter Simpson A biography has recently been written by member of the Society John Branfield, entitled "Charles Simpson, Painter of Animals and Birds, Coastline and Moorland". See further notes.
Ruth SimpsonRuth Simpson, landscape and figure painter, assisted her husband Charles in running the St Ives painting school in the 1920s.
Heather Sutcliff (wife of Charles Thompson - see that entry for more details)
Albert Chevallier TaylerTayler painted in Newlyn between 1884 and 1895. Born in Essex he went to the Salde to study after gaining a rare scholarship and then went on to Laurens atelier in Paris for two years, coming to Newlyn in 1884.
Dylan Thomas(The well known poet visited Lamorna Valley for a brief while)
Charles H Thompson Charles H Thomson and his wife Heather Sutcliff settled at Oakhill Cottage, Lamorna, in 1903. Both artists had studied at Herkomer's in Bushey and both had already exhibited at the R.A.. Portraits, Lamorna landscape and genre painting were interrupted in 1905 when Thompson was appointed first curator of the G F Watts Gallery at Compton, Surrey, where they presided over the community for ten years. The far South West drew them back to Penberth in 1915. Buried at Sennen.
Ralph ToddRalph Todd studied in Belgium, Holland and Paris and met Forbes in Brittany in 1882. In 1883 he moved to Newlyn but by the early 1890s he had moved to St. Keverne and later to Helston. He also painted under the name of Rupert Meneage (presumably this was while he was living in Helston as it has a street named Meneage). He primarily worked in watercolours and his best known oil is "Primrose Day", 1885.
Henry Scott TukeOriginally using portraiture as a way of having a steady income, Henry Scott Tuke started to extend his work to other subjects whilst in Newlyn, placing the figure in different settings such as outdoors on boats, by the beach, in the sea or in cottage or boat interiors. His first painting of boys in boats, which was to become his motif, was completed in Newlyn in 1884. A book has been written entitled "Henry Scott Tuke" by Maria Tuke Sainsbury, and also - "Under Canvas, Henry Scott Tuke" by David Wainwright and Catherine Dinn.
John TunnardJohn Tunnard, landscape and marine painter, textile designer, was active from the 1950s. He had a studio in the valley, and lived at Trethinnick.
Annie WalkeThe artist wife of the Reverend Bernard Walke, Annie Walke was born in London and studied at Chelsea School of Art and at the London School of Art. She first came to Cornwall with her husband when he was curate in Polruan.
Richard Copeland (Seal) Weatherby

Member of the Society David Bradfield has been researching the life and work of this artist, and has recently brought a book entitled "In Field and Stable, The Life and Work of Richard 'Seal' Weatherby". See further notes.

Garnet WolseleyGarnet Ruskin Wolseley, landscape, figure, portrait painter, was active to the First World War, and was in the valley in 1911.
Phyllis (Pog) YglesiasPhyllis (Pog) Yglesias, wood carver, toy maker, was active from 1912. She was the sister of Dorothy Yglesias and daughter of painter Vincent Philip Yglesias.

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